Ecommerce Homepage Design: Best Practices Guide (for 2021)

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Everything on your ecommerce homepage should bring customers closer to a purchase.

You don’t want people hanging out on your homepage.

You want them browsing your product pages.

In this guide, you’ll avoid bad design habits and learn the best practices for how to create an ecommerce homepage design that boosts conversions and sales.

Keep reading.

Table of Contents

Ecommerce Homepage Goals Chapter 1: Ecommerce Homepage Goals
Ecommerce Homepage Menus and Navigation Chapter 2: Menus & Navigation
Ecommerce Homepage Messaging and Value Proposition Chapter 3: Messaging/The Value Prop
Ecommerce Homepage Hero Banner Chapter 4: The Hero Banner
Ecommerce Homepage Length Chapter 5: Length/Content
Ecommerce Homepage Tips for Extra Conversions Bonus: Tips for Extra Conversions
Ecommerce Homepage Conclusion Wrapping Up: Your High-Converting Ecommerce Homepage
Ecommerce Homepage Goals

Chapter 1: Set your Ecommerce Homepage Goal

Quick: someone lands on your homepage.

Where do you want them to click?

What’s the most important thing they should know?

According to the Norman Nielsen Group, almost everyone lands on your homepage at some point.

Don't be boring. Boring doesn't sell.

In this chapter, you’ll define your #1 goal for your ecommerce homepage so that you know exactly how to design it to bring in the results you want.


Know Your Problem(s)

Unless you’re a new store, you already have a homepage.

  • What’s not working right now?
  • What do you want to fix?
  • Where do you want people to go?

Before you further, you need to write down your #1 problem.

Then turn it into a goal.

Let's say your problem is that people bounce from your homepage. They land there and then leave without checking out your products.

Then your goal is to get more people to transition and check out your products.


One (main) CTA

A bad website design habit we see a lot of brands fall into is pointing users in too many directions.

Don't introduce too many twists and turns. Make their journey simple.

What’s the one action you want somebody to take from your ecommerce homepage?

In other words: what’s your CTA?

Let’s look at a few examples:


Sollilas's ecommerce homepage

Solillas has no CTA above the fold on their ecommerce homepage design. All the images are clickable, but nothing except the small “Visit our outlet” at the top of the screen directs you anywhere.

If Solillas told us they had low engagement, we wouldn't be surprised. An ecommerce homepage with no CTA (or a vague CTA) leaves shoppers confused and unsure of what to do next.


Primal Pit Paste (Good)

Primal Pit Paste's ecommerce homepage

Primal Pit Paste uses an auto-rotating carousel (which we are not fans of—at least, don’t auto rotate) but their CTAs are much clearer:

It’s obvious what they want you to do: shop their products (deodorant).

But you don’t have to send visitors to a category or collection page and tell them to buy now.


Peak Design (Good)

Peak Design asks you to pre-order something:

Peak Design's hero banner asks you to preorder something.

We don't love that the image and the text aren't congruent (is this a photo of the tripod, or is it a camera lens? We can't tell), but the red 'PRE-ORDER' CTA contrasts well with everything else on the page and it's pretty obvious what next step you should take.


Andie Swim (Good)

Do you want to promote a sale, like Andie Swim?

Andie Swim uses their ecommerce homepage to promote a sale.

This is a common ecommerce homepage tactic: a new collection arrives and you announce it on your homepage. Andie Swim does a fantastic job of creating a single CTA and making it visually salient.


Third Love (Good)

Sometimes you want to talk to buyers at different stages in the buying journey.

Are they ready to buy now? Or are they new?

Check out how Third Love speaks to their different customers:

Third Love uses their ecommerce homepage to segment visitors by where they are in the buying journey.

But wait—isn't this 2 CTAs!?

Well, yes and no.

The people who click "Find My Fit" will eventually get another CTA asking them to shop bras.

Even though there are two different options, the end result is the same.


Allbirds (Good)

The easiest way to segment? Gender. Check out what Allbirds does:

Allbirds uses their ecommerce homepage to segment shoppers by gender.

They show off their products and ask visitors to go to the correct part of the store.

We wish the actual copy on the links was a bit more actionable, but for what it is, this works.


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ecommerce homepage menus and navigation

Chapter 2: Menus + Navigation

The Baymard Institute found that the typical ecommerce homepage navigation misaligns with user behavior and leads to higher numbers of site abandonment.

This means: your menu might be what's killing your sales.

In this chapter, you'll learn how to sharpen your menu to keep shoppers engaged.


Reduce Choices to Create Action (The Jam Study)

Researchers at Stanford and Columbia were interested in whether giving people more choices led to greater satisfaction with their selection.

They set up 2 booths in an upscale supermarket: one had 24 different selections of jam. The other had only 6.

The researchers were interested in 3 factors: (1) how many people stopped by, (2) how many flavors they sampled, and (3) how many people made a purchase.

  1. Who stopped by?

They found that 60% (145) of people stopped by the extensive jam display (the one with 24 flavors) while only 40% (104) of people stopped by the limited display (the one with 6 flavors).

This difference was statistically significant; that is, it’s almost certain displaying more choices will grab more attention.

  1. What did they sample?

Both groups sampled around 1.5 flavors.

  1. How many of them bought?

Nearly 30% (31) of the people who stopped at the limited jam selection made a purchase.

But only 3% (4) of the people who stopped at the extended selection of jam bought anything.

Just 4 people out of 145 bought!

That's an awful conversion rate.


What does the Jam Study mean for you? 

When they had fewer flavors of jam to choose from, more shoppers made a purchase.

...this is true outside the lab too.

Back in 1997, Procter & Gamble cut their hair-related SKUs in half and sales have grown every year since.

It's pretty clear. Fewer choices = more action.


Capture more Shoppers with Thematic Product Browsing

According to the Baymard Institute, 34% of mobile ecommerce sites don’t offer “thematic” product browsing.

What does this mean?

It means customers who shop differently from what you enforce with your navigation will have a difficult time finding a specific item.

For example, if you just have 'hair care' in your menu, how are customers supposed to find the right product for their split ends?

When you go into a brick-and-mortar, it’s easy to ask a sales associate for a specific item:

“I’m looking for a light spring jacket that won’t be a pain to dry if I get caught in the rain.”

But you can't do that with a website. The closest you can get is smart search.

The next best thing is to segment your menu.


Storq (Good)

Storq sells maternity clothing. They segment their menu into 'maternity', 'nursing', and 'parenthood'.

Storq's menu lets shoppers browse thematically

It's simple and makes it easy for shoppers to go exactly where they need to go. Good.

Since it's simple, there's less chance Storq will overwhelm their shoppers with choices.


Lulus (right idea, could be better)

Lulus definitely sorts thematically...but it's a lot to take in.

Lulus's downdown menu lets shoppers browse thematically, but its visually cluttered and ends up overwhelming people instead of helping them navigate the store more effectively

What's going on here?

First, Lulus asks you to make the jump to decide how you want to shop. By style, color, occasion, or trend?

This is normally fine—Storq does this too—but Lulus's compact layout and excessive use of "dresses" (in the dresses category—we get it!) creates a lot of visual clutter and makes the menu feel overwhelming.

(To say nothing of the images on the right that crowd the text.)


Ministry of Supply (Good)

Ministry of Supply keeps a simple menu:

Ministry of Supply's menu dropdown is simple. The real magic happens once you click through and can sort with tags.

The real magic happens once you advance through to the category pages:

Ministry of Supply introduces filters on their category page which makes thematic browsing a lot easier.

When searching for men’s shirts, you can browse and filter down by style, fit, size, color, and technology.

This is great for the shopper who needs, say, a grey button-down dress shirt with a specific type of fit. It saves them time during the shopping process.

If Lulu’s implemented a tagging option, they could dramatically cut down their menu size (less customer overwhelm, fewer choices to consider) and make the search process faster (less back and forth/time scanning the page).


Avoid Overlapping Category Hierarchies to Reduce Shopper Confusion

Likewise, you want to avoid overlapping hierarchies that could confuse visitors.

Let's look at Lulus again.

Lulus's downdown menu lets shoppers browse thematically, but its visually cluttered and ends up overwhelming people instead of helping them navigate the store more effectively

So many of these categories overlap. Some of them could be the same (What's the difference between a club dress and a night out dress? Is one a subset of the other?)

There's no reason for this navigation to be so extensive.


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Ecommerce homepage design: messaging and the value proposition

Chapter 3: Messaging/the Value Prop

  1. What do you sell?
  2. Who is it for?
  3. Why is it right for me?

If customers can’t discern that in seconds, they’ll leave your store.

But how to word it? How do you know what to say?

By knowing your market.

Who are the people you sell to? What’s their state of awareness?

In this chapter, you'll learn how to craft a message that reels shoppers in hook, line, and sinker.


The 5 States of Awareness

Someone’s state of awareness is their understanding of 2 key concepts:

  1. Their Desire
  2. Your Product(s)

Shopify’s Editor-in-Chief Aaron Orendorff lists 5 states of awareness:

  1. The Most Aware: They’re committed to buying: all you need to give them is a price.
  2. Product-Aware: The know a specific solution to their problem.
  3. Solution-Aware: They know a solution to their problem.
  4. Problem-Aware: They know they have a problem, but they don’t know the solution.
  5. Unaware: Ignorance everywhere.

How do you know your customer’s most common state of awareness?

Well, it depends.

If they’re on your email list or they’ve bought from you before, they’re Most Aware.

If they’ve abandoned their cart, they’re Product-Aware.

They might be Solution-Aware or Problem-Aware if they land on your content from an ad, social media, or Google search.

Similarly, depending on the ad/social media post/search query, they could be Unaware. does this help you convey your value proposition?

In other words: how do you take this framework and turn it into something that makes customers stick?

Here’s the thing:

You MUST know your market.

And you MUST know their desire.

...but how do you know their desire?


Your Market’s Desire

First, recognize that people buy because of emotions, not logic.

Here are some emotions that might motivate a shopper to make a purchase:

  • Joy
  • Anticipation
  • Frustration
  • Elation
  • Fear
  • Anxiety
  • Self-loathing
  • Embarrassment
  • Envy
  • Accomplishment
  • Satisfaction
  • Desire
  • Pride
  • Comfort
  • Self-confidence

Then turn those into specific reasons.

For example, perhaps you sell skincare products for ambitious, professional women. What does she fear? What emotions does she want to move away from or towards?

  • Does she want to avoid the embarrassment of acne flare ups during work presentation?
  • Does she want to feel more comfortable in a professional setting?
  • Is she afraid of being judged by a supervisor or client for having “unprofessional” skin?
  • Is she preparing for a professional photo/video shoot and wants to look back on that project with pride and satisfaction?
  • Does she want to feel confident when she walks into an interview, an important work meeting with a client, or to ask her boss for a raise?

(Asking your customers and reading their reviews is the best way to learn these things: don’t make them up!)

Value propositions aren’t effective unless they speak to something your customer already feels or knows or believes.

You’re not there to tell them what to think or believe.

You’re there to add to the conversation they’re already having with themselves.

Now it’s time to write your value prop.


How to Write Value Propositions that Convert

Now that you know your customer’s state of awareness and you know the market desire, it’s time to actually write your value proposition.

If you have reviews or 1-on-1 interview notes from customers, that’s a good place to start. Mine that language—if it came from your customer, others like your customer will see themselves in it.

Otherwise, we recommend being direct.

There’s a reason “How to Win Friends and Influence People” is such a popular book. Same with “The 4-Hour Work Week” and “The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up.” You know exactly what you’re getting.

Fortunately, there's a pretty easy strategy to follow based on your market's state of awareness:

State of Awareness Strategy
Most Aware Tell them the deal.
Product Aware Demonstrate superiority
Solution Aware Identify their desire; don’t mention the product.
Problem Aware Identify the problem, agitate it, and pitch a solution.
Unaware Identify your market and give them a community.

Let’s look at some examples.


Examples: Most Aware

This is the gutsy move: going straight in for the deal.



4moms goes in for the kill by putting the deal and details front and center on their ecommerce homepage

4moms knows why you’re here: you’re a mom and you need baby gear. They have 20% off. You’re already ready to buy.

4moms can get away with this because of strong brand name recognition. If you're a smaller shop, it’s probably best to choose another approach unless you have highly targeted traffic.


Examples: Product Aware

Most ecommerce homepage designs fall into this category. That shouldn’t surprise you—it’s easiest to talk about your products.

Product-Aware messaging should talk about the superiority of the product. What makes it the best choice? Why is it right for your customer?

Let's look at how some ecommerce store accomplish this.


Away Travel (Good)

Away Travel keeps their ecommerce homepage focus on the products

Away Travel—created by two Warby Parker alums—has always been known for their modern, utilitarian, and minimalist design. They sell that in the value proposition: "thoughtfully designed."

And it gets better.

These suitcases were thoughtfully designed for modern travel.

We don’t know exactly what modern travel entails (air travel? Road trips? Backpacking through Southeast Asia?) but at the same time, we understand what it means: tech-friendly, adventurous, a little off the beaten path. It appeals to millennials and younger travelers.


Andie Swim (Good)

Andie Swim's hero banner keeps the messaging product-centered and focused on the benefits.

Andie Swim knows their target market is frustrated. Their unique value proposition is: this is the swimwear that will finally fit you—perfectly.

How are they better? They tell you 2 reasons: “Designed with input from thousands of women” and “shop sizes xs - xxxl and long torso in every suit.”

Their CTA tells you exactly what to expect when you click on it: we told you why we're better, so come in and shop.


Kith (Good, with a small issue)

Kith's ecommerce homepage is a blatant appeal to superiority: their hero image shows a jacket and points out all the features that make it such a desirable product + better than the competition
The name of the game is demonstrating superiority, and Kith takes a utility-focused approach. Showcasing a single product’s design suggests they made rest of their collection with similar attention.

Where Kith falls off it the double CTA: there's nothing about this image to suggest the jack is meant for only women, but they have a CTA aimed specifically towards men. (Maybe it's a men's jacket?) It's not clear. Removing the gender-specific CTA will eliminate the source of that confusion.


Primal Pit Paste

Primal Pit Paste's homepage
Primal Pit Paste sells natural deodorant. The catch? This one actually works.

This is a decent attempt at demonstrating superiority, but there’s nothing here to support the claim. “Actually works” is a low bar to clear—otherwise, they’re selling snake oil.

We would change the value proposition to something that actually addresses the problem customers have—body odor, overactive sweat glands, etc.


Peak Design

Peak Design's appeal to superiority on their ecommerce homepage is pretty simple: it packs down to the size of a water bottle.
Front and center from Peak Design: the travel tripod. The accompanying text reads: “A professional tripod that packs down to the size of a water bottle.”

This is a clear value proposition that addresses the problem photographers have: space is at a premium, but tripods are inherently large, bulky, and awkward to carry.

Of course Peak Design’s tripod is superior: it packs down to the size of a water bottle. Biggest pain in the neck? Solved.

Where this falls off is the lack of image. There's no tripod in this image. The whole thing feels off because of it.



Greats's ecommerce homepage says their shoes are superior because of better craftsmanship.
Greats sells shoes. Their benefit? Better materials. Italian craftsmanship.

Which is all fine, but we think it’s a weak value proposition unless Greats’s customers specifically care about Italian craftsmanship.

We haven’t reached out to the Greats team to verify anything we’re about to say, but let’s think for a second.

Option #1: Greats did the research, asked their customers what they care about when shopping for shoes, and those customers said “premium quality essentials” and “made in Italy.”

Option #2: Greats thinks this is what people desire and sales seem to be doing well, so they’re going to leave it up.

The second option is what many online stores do. Don't be like most stores.


 Third Love (Good)

Third Love uses their homepage to segment visitors by where they are in the buying journey.

Third Love gets specific. There’s nothing here that claims objective superiority, but that’s not the point. The point is they’re better for you.

The utilitarian copy is also good: it lets customers know exactly what sizes they carry and gives a little context to the "Find My Fit" CTA.

Plus the were going to look there anyway.


Allbirds (Good)

Allbirds doesn't make any concrete claims as to why their product is superior, but they do appeal to brand superiority: we're better for the planet.

Allbirds sells shoes that are comfortable and environmentally friendly. The superiority angle here isn’t so much about the product as it is about the impact the consumer can make.

Allbirds customers are eco-conscious. If you’re not yet an Allbirds customer, how can they let you know that you’re part of their culture?

Again: we’re better for you.


Examples: Solution-Aware

Solution-aware means your ideal customer knows they want what the product does...but they don’t know the product yet.

It’s your job to present the solution that the customer wants and introduce your product as the vehicle.


Luxy Hair (Good)

LuxyHair leads with the benefit: longer, fuller hair.

Luxy Hair does a great job leading with a solution and pitching their problem. The before/after photo does a great job of showing off the product.

But to make this even better? We’d test a step that agitates: their ideal customer wants longer, fuller hair—what happens if they don't get that?

Wouldn’t lowering the boom—Shop Hair Extensions—be much more impactful?



Hers tackles the problem head-on: more control over your body

The copy at Hers is fantastic. Let’s break down what they did.

Headline: Identifies a desire. Women want control over their bodies.

Body: Agitates that desire—here’s what it looks like. Here’s the solution. Prescription-based products delivered to your home that address your body concerns that are spiraling out of control.

CTA: The choice to select a different problem to solve gives their shopper a feeling of control.

To make this better? We'd introduce an outcome: what does life look like on the other side?


Examples: Problem Aware

Problem-aware shoppers don’t have a desire yet. Most people in this state of awareness have an intuition that something isn’t  how it should be.

Your job when you create the copy for your ecommerce homepage is to help them realize the problem.

Identify the problem.

Exacerbate it: make them realize it's bigger than they think.

Then offer a solution.

(The copywriters call this PAS: Problem-Agitate-Solution.)

Let's look at an example:



Storq's messaging on their homepage follows PAS pretty perfectly

Storq follows PAS.

Problem: you’re pregnant. Or planning to get pregnant. And you’re not quite sure what that’s going to mean for clothing—if you’ve even thought about maternity clothes at all.

Agitate: 9 months. That's all they have to say—and it's genius.

Solution: The other side of the equals sign and the CTA at the bottom of the hero. (We could call this PASA: problem-agitate-solution-action.)

We’d strengthen this by making the problem more evident. What’s the fear? Why are you here, on this homepage?

What if Storq acknowledged the anxiety around the financial strain of buying new clothes (on top of saving for a baby)? What if they agitated that and said: 9 months of new clothes that might not fit?

Would you be more willing to click “Shop Now”?


Examples: Unaware

When your ideal customer isn’t aware of their problem, they certainly aren’t aware of a solution or your products.

They don’t care about benefits or desires or needs.

So what do you do?

You call out your market.

Let’s look at an example.



Hims takes the Unaware approach: most guys aren't aware of a problem or a solution, so Hims wants to unite them in a community before making the sale

Who is Hims’s target market?

Some dude. Guy.

Hims is trying to unify and make an appeal to their market. Unfortunately, we don’t see the connection between the body copy and the CTAs. This example is all the weaker for it.


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Ecommerce Homepage Design: The Hero Section

Chapter 4: The Hero Banner

Stop me if this sounds familiar…

  • Customers don’t engage with your home page
  • You have a high bounce rate: people leave without entering your store
  • Shoppers don’t clearly understand why they should buy from you

One part of improving this is to test out different hero banners, based on your copy and your customer's persona.

A hero banner is the screen-wide image at the top of your homepage that:

  1. Complements your value proposition and
  2. Provides clarity and context to your visitors.

It’s the first thing shoppers see when they enter your store. Since you only have 50 milliseconds to make a good impression, you need to nail this.

We got you. ;-)


Hero Banner Examples

There are 4 kinds of hero images: product images, hero shots (contextual images), famous founders, and non-contextual shots.

Famous founder shots are not you—unless you are your brand (Tom Ford, Kate Spade, Calvin Klein, etc.).

Let's look at some examples of product images, hero shorts, and non-contextual shots.


Product Images

Product images keep the focus on the product. They tend to be utilitarian which might help with selling very high end products but we feel that most companies pick this strategy because it's the easiest and cheapest to produce.

And, as we'll see, it doesn't always make the most sense.


Tommy John Bras (Good)

Tommy John Bras's hero is all about the product---it features a short motion video of a model and highlights different features of the product

Tommy John Bras is is all about the product—the hero is actually a short video that highlights different features of the product.

This is the classic product-aware strategy too: demonstrate superiority.

...if it weren't for the weak copy on the left ("no more booby traps"? What kind of pun is this?) and the Camel Casing That Can Get Distracting And Slow Down Your Reading.

(Slightly unrelated, but it's worth nothing that we do NOT recommend including text as part of the image like Tommy John Bras does here on the left. See how it looks a little pixelated?)



Chubbies's hero image is just the shorts: there's no context for fit

Chubbies shows no people—only shorts with water droplets to show off the water resistance.

But there's no context for fit here, so newcomers to the Chubbies brand have to click around the site to see more images of how the shorts will actually look on them.

The lack of a person is extra bad here because shoppers will want to see how water resistance (the main benefit Chubbies describes) looks on people.


Daily Harvest

Daily Harvest's hero banner is all products with a white background. The colors of the fruits pop but the copy and messaging is vague and resultantly underwhelming,

Daily Harvest’s hero banner is all product poses. While these smoothies look delicious, the sub-header has a weak benefit ("so food can take care of you"—what does this mean?) and we're not exactly sure who they're marketing to.

The result is a hero banner that falls flat of making any sort of impact. At least the food looks good.


Contextual Images (Hero Shots)

Contextual images include a person (who is wearing/using the product) and a setting where the product makes sense.

This kind of hero banner gives shoppers the most added value because it's immediately obvious how to use the product. They see the product in context.


Away Travel

Away Travel keeps their homepage focus on the products

Away Travel keeps the focus on the product (the suitcase) but pairs it with a background that screams “ADVENTURE” and a headline that ties it together nicely.

Shoppers might not literally carry the bag over their heads as they walk through the American Southwest, but the meaning—you can take this bag anywhere—lands.

This image would be more contextual if it showed the suitcase in an airport, on a plane, of even if there was a cabin or campsite in the background of this photo.


Sunday Somewhere

Sunday Somewhere's ecommerce homepage shows a model wearing their product in context: sitting on the grass on a sunny day, as one does.

Sunday Somewhere sells glasses—and the hero image shows someone like their ideal customer sitting outside, on the grass, in a warm and sunny place. They’re not just selling sunglasses—they’re selling sunglasses that fit the experience their customer wants to have.



Gymshark's ecommerce homepage shows a model standing in a gym wearing their clothing. This fits the context of the product---but we think it would be better if the model was actively working out instead of just posing.

Gymshark sells athletic wear—and their hero image is a man (in what looks like an independent gym) holding kettlebells.

This is a good hero banner, but we think it would be better if the model was actively working out instead of just posing.


Peak Design

Peak Design's appeal to superiority is pretty simple: it packs down to the size of a water bottle.

While they don’t show a tripod in the hero, Peak Design opts for a photographer with a camera—which is close enough.

This hero shot would be better if we got some more context beyond a cloudy background. Did they have to hike up a mountain at 4am to get this shot? Are they on a rooftop? What's the value of the tripod being so small?



Storq's messaging on their homepage follows PAS pretty perfectly

Storq’s hero is the perfect marriage of product placement and customer showcasing: a pregnant woman (their ideal customer) posing casually in front of a blank wall. There’s nothing specifically lifestyle here, but that’s fine: it’s a normal woman in an everyday space.


Luxy Hair

LuxyHair leads with the benefit: longer, fuller hair.

Luxy Hair sells hair extensions: their hero banner shows their ideal customer before and after the extensions.

If this doesn’t show off the marriage between customer and product benefits, we don’t know what does.



Beardbrand's hero shot features their ideal customer but not much else: there are no products in sight and the CTA isn't even product-focused

Beardbrand doesn’t even show off their products—instead, they show off their ideal customer.

This works fine as a hero image, but since we’re not sure what Beardbrand sells, the entire thing falls flat—we’re left with guesses.

(Fortunately, there’s more to the homepage, so we can scroll.)

This is a point where you have to realize you can’t have everything: Beardbrand probably realized that getting customers to fill out their quiz led to higher product purchases down the line.



Non-contextual images are a mismatch between the image and the copy.

They don't add anything to the message and can even confuse your shoppers. Avoid these.

Let's look at some offenders.


Peak Design

Peak Design's hero banner asks you to preorder something.

Another from Peak Design: the copy doesn’t match the image: they’re asking you to pre-order a tripod, but we only see a camera lens.

(If you're paying attention, we keep harping on this because you should NOT do this and they did it TWICE.)

The mismatch between the image and the text here doesn't do them any favors. Any customers looking for a reason not to buy just found it.


American Eagle

American Eagle's hero banner is all kinds of wrong: too many CTAs, poor contrasts with the text and the background, and, most egregiously, the product they're trying to sell is actually below the fold!

American Eagle wants you to buy their jeans, but the product is both largely below the fold and obscured by the CTAs. The main focus of the image (the models, the gilded background) isn’t congruent with the messaging. It's mismatched all around.

Add in poor contrast between the background and the text and multiple CTAs (that aren't even grouped with the gender of the model) and the entire homepage design starts to feel like an incoherent mess.


Carbon Beauty

Carbon Beauty's homepage is pretty visually stunning with bright colors and bold text, but it's hard to discern what they sell and the accompanying CTA doesn't give us any hints.

It’s hard to tell what Carbon Beauty sells. (Our office, when shown just this image, was split between ‘makeup’ and ‘sunglasses.’)

The CTA tells shoppers to shop the Summer Picks...but it doesn’t give any context as to what’s included in that collection.


Rent the Runway

Rent the Runway shows their product on models, so where does it fall apart? The background setting is completely nonsensical---and the text doesn't shed any light on the baffling choice of setting.

Rent the Runway’s model shot features their products, but the text doesn’t quite match the image. (We also don't know why they're at a beach.)


The 7 Factors of a Successful Contextual Image (Hero Shot)

A hero shot is a more specific take on a hero banner.

It works like this:

Every hero needs a weapon of choice. Harry Potter had his wand. King Arthur had Excalibur. Buffy had her scythe.

Without their weapon, the hero is still great...but their problem is unnecessarily challenging. With the weapon, things are starting to look realistic.

You want to position your product as a weapon of choice.

You do that with a hero shot.

The 7 factors of a successful hero shot are (1) keyword relevance; (2) purpose clarity; (3) design support; (4) authenticity; (5) added value; (6) desired emotion; and (7) the presence of the customer "hero"

  1. Keyword Relevance: What is the referring link text or search query that will bring them to your ecommerce homepage? (Are you maintaining scent?)
  2. Purpose Clarity: Identify what the page is about. What words does the image evoke? How would you caption that image if it was in isolation? Does it match the CTA?
  3. Design Support: Does the image lead your shopper’s eyes to the CTA? If we can see your hero’s eyes, are they looking at (or in the direction of) the CTA?
  4. Authenticity: Does it represent your brand in a credible way?
  5. Added Value: Does the hero shot show relevance, answer questions, or demonstrate benefits?
  6. Desired Emotion: Does the hero shot evoke and specific emotions that you want to associate with your brand or that you know your shoppers seek?
  7. Customer “Hero”: Did you show the customer as the “hero” now that they have your weapon of choice?

Don't worry about getting all 7 of these perfect: one of them will always be the most important.

Instead, use these as benchmarks for your own efforts. Did you nail 5 out of 7? Did you get 4 really well and kinda sorta do okay on the remaining 3?


Bonus: Turn Sliders in Heros

Shopify Speed Optimization Checklist
Turn Sliders into Heros
We covered this in our guide to Shopify Speed Optimization.
Ecommerce Homepage Design: Length + Content

Chapter 5: Length + Content (Below the Fold)

There's no “best length” for an ecommerce homepage.

Some brands have incredibly short pages—others have long ones.

What matters is what's above the fold and what's just slightly beneath it.

81% of visitors only see the first 3 screen-fulls of the homepage.

In this chapter, we'll give you some guidelines for length so that you can create the most effective ecommerce homepage possible.


The Ask

We talked about the #1 goal your ecommerce homepage should have.

There should be a specific action you want somebody to take.

If you did you job well on the hero, your messaging should be enough.

But what if it isn't?

What if you:

  • Were talking to just a specific subset of your audience?
  • Weren't talking to returning customers?

Those might be indications that you should target another segment of buyers in the next screenful.

But...there's still something worse.

Are making such a big ask that customers still aren't buying? 

Are you asking them to check out a $250 product or collection when you normally sell for around $50?

Are you pushing something new (like a subscription box) that needs a little introduction to make customers comfortable?

That's an indication that you need a little more on your ecommerce homepage.


The Goldilocks Principle

How long?

As long as it needs to be and as short as possible.

(Real specific, we know.)

But here's the thing:

4 out of 5 visitors only see the first 3 screenfuls of your homepage.

So you can't make it too long. Your customers won't scan that far down (unless you have heatmap data to support that they will).

Length doesn't have to mean more words. Away Travel's homepage is heavy on imagery but light on copy: we counted fewer than 200 words on their ecommerce homepage.


Your Customer's Psychology

If you identified your market's state of awareness, you're already one step ahead.

You can spend the rest of your homepage trying to advance them to the next state.

Here are some ideas:

  • Use reviews, user-generated content (UGC), and media mentions to plug into the social currency and public share triggers
  • Show off features to demonstrate superiority
  • Ask them to take a quiz (or something else interactive)

It depends on what you sell. If you sell high-end clothing, like Ministry of Supply, a shorter homepage with less copy works—their ecommerce homepage, by our count, is 6 screenfuls. Allbirds, who has pretty good brand name recognition, has a shorter ecommerce homepage (with less copy).


Want an easy to follow, actionable checklist of items? Get the entire ecommerce optimization series checklists for free.
Get Your Checklists

Bonus: Tips for Extra Conversions

In this chapter, you’ll learn a few quick eccomerce design tips that are working especially well right now.


Tip #1: Have a prominent search bar

Econsultancy reports that 30% of visitors use the on-site search box. They also report that, specifically for niche retailers, the use of on-site search is a good indicator of purchase intent: only 5.75% of users used on-site search, but they converted 80% more frequently and contributed to 13.7% of the site’s total revenue.

You read that right: 5.75% of the visitors to your ecommerce homepage bring in 13.7% of your revenue because they use on-site search.

Instant Search Plus found that shoppers who use on-site search are 3 times more likely to complete a purchase when compared with shoppers who navigate using categories or promotional banners.

It’s clear: on-site search works.

Now, does that mean using search leads to making a purchase? Or is it merely associated with making a purchase?

We don't have data that says one way or the other.


How to Improve Your Search

You can improve your on-site search experience with premium services like Instant Search Plus or Findify. Autocomplete, semantic search, and AI personalizations will boost your sales.

Take this one step further and check out ConversionXL’s guide to refining your on-site search experience.


Tip #2: Make it obvious what you sell

The Baymard Institute found that 42% of ecommerce websites risk setting the wrong expectations for their users.

This means that the homepage doesn't give shoppers a thorough overview of what the store sells.

Take Lush USA's (Halloween-themed) homepage:

A screengrab of Lush USA's entire ecommerce homepage

The only indication that a sizeable portion of their catalog is skincare comes from the UGC at the bottom and a single item on the nav.

Lush is losing out potential customers looking for skincare products because their ecommerce homepage doesn’t make it obvious that they sell skincare products.


Want an easy to follow, actionable checklist of items? Get the entire ecommerce optimization series checklists for free.
Get Your Checklists

Wrapping Up

And that’s the best practices guide to creating an ecommerce homepage design.

What did you think? Did we miss something? What was new or extra helpful for you?

Leave a comment and let us know. :)

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